Beret, derived from northern Basque farmers’ clothing，a traditional Basque hat. Basque Beret (Basque Beret) originated from shepherds living in southern France and the Pyrenees in northern Spain. Its production dates back to a small town in southern France in the seventeenth century. Like many other nations, locals find that a small piece of wool becomes felt when wet and rubbed. In a moist state, the felt can be fixed to and from the knee crochet, forming a circular shape suitable for covering the head.
As time goes on, the beret has evolved into another level of color associated with the political, military, religious and aesthetic aspects. The black beret has become popular with French urban workers. The Maquis, who wears Berets during World War II, is able to integrate into the population without causing suspicion by the German occupying forces. It became the trademark of Che Guevara, the leader of the Cuban revolution, and many of his followers in 1959.
Since the middle of the 20th century, berets have been used as a part of military uniforms by many armies around the world. Because of their flexibility, berets are ideal low-cost military uniforms. The earliest use was the French Alpine Army in the early 1880 s. Army berets are generally slanted to the right, with a few European countries slanting to the left.
The advantages of berets as military uniforms include cheap, easy to mass production, easy to use different colors as units, easy to carry or put into bags, and without hindering the use of headphones, etc.; the disadvantages are that they have no edge, can not shade the sun and wind and rain. Berets are round, flat caps that have been suitable for men and women for centuries. Berets are made of circular knitted, woven or felt cloth, occasionally velvet, and drawn on the brim of the cap with a rope, thread or leather belt to fit on the head. They can be decorated with ribbons, feathers, pins, tassels, jewelry, gems, fabrics and ropes.
As a fashion term in the West, beret hat has been worn by adult men and women as “classic” sportswear since the 1920s, especially at the wartime and Winter Olympics. As part of the uniform required by the American Girl Scouts, the berets were adopted in 1936 and replaced in 1994 by the popular eye guard baseball cap.
Changes in berets include Scottish hats, a flat woven or knitted woolen hat, a hat emblem and feathers used to identify the wearer’s clan and rank. Dressed at one angle, usually dark blue, Scotland’s national color, known as cornflower, has become a symbol of Scottish patriotism. Hanland clothing, including cornflower, has been banned by the British government for years. Due to the recognition of Highlands by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, the state was called “Balmoral” after Balmolle Castle was built in Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1855.